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Cordyceps Brain Infection

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Military Pamphlet

A Military Pamphlet that outlines the stages of infection.

"It was all based on the idea that the more numerous a species becomes, the more likely it is to be preyed on by this fungus." – Neil Druckmann[1]

Cordyceps Brain Infection (CBI) is a parasitic fungus that has devastated mankind in The Last of Us.

The Last of UsEdit

In The Last of Us, the infection began to spread in the United States in late September 2013. In just several months, roughly 60% of humanity was either killed or infected by the cordyceps fungus,[2] referred to as Cordyceps Brain Infection.[3] The fungus grows while the host is still alive, taking away their higher brain function (and with it, their humanity), and causing the infected host to become hyper-aggressive (stage 1), stage 1 starts anywhere in between 1-2 days of infection.

As the infection progresses, the infection begins altering their sight as a result of progressing fungal growth over the head and corruption of their visual cortex (stage 2), stage 2 starts anywhere in between 1-2 weeks of infection. The infection will eventually scar their face completely, causing them to lose their sight, resulting in them developing a primitive form of echolocation to compensate (stage 3), stage 3 starts anywhere in between 1-2 years of infection. Over a very long time, they will eventually develop hardened fungal plates over most of their body (stage 4), stage 4 starts anywhere in between 1-2 decades of infection. If the fungus kills the host, the host's body will grow stalk-like fungal projections which release infectious spores. The infection can also be spread through bites from living hosts. Hosts can only be infected while alive, as the fungus is unable to infect dead bodies.

To protect themselves from airborne spores, survivors wear gas masks; Joel has one strapped to his hip as does Tess. Obviously, those who are immune do not need them, namely Ellie.

The infection seems unable to spread in open air areas, such as the countryside, although it thrives in underground areas, especially sewers and subway tunnels.

In the Left Behind DLC, during her search for medical supplies, Ellie discovers that an attempt was made by Captain Regan Francis to stop the infection from spreading throughout the body of her fellow survivor Private Eugene Ellis by quickly amputating his bitten right arm. Francis chose not to follow the military's Infection Protocol to kill Ellis after having already killed Officer Caulfield when it was discovered he was bitten earlier. It is implied that the amputation may have stopped Ellis from becoming infected, but not knowing the future consequences of Regan's actions had made both of them doubtful and fearful of whether this course of action was right or wrong. Ellis later shot Regan dead out of fear that she would kill him, and later bled out and died in an airduct after escaping from some infected.

TriviaEdit

Cordyceps on ant

An Ant infected with ophiocordyceps unilateralis.

  • An episode of the BBC documentary Planet Earth entitled "Jungles" features an infected ant being killed by ophiocordyceps unilateralis, as well as showing a variety of other insects and arachnids that were killed by different species of the fungus. This scene partially inspired the development of The Last of Us.
  • Cordyceps spores can be seen blowing away as a loading screen when booting up the game. Spores are also plainly visible in the air.
  • It is stated in a newspaper, in Joel and Sarah's house in the beginning of the game, that the Cordyceps outbreak spread to humans due to infected crops.
  • Despite the CBI being based and classified from the cordyceps as a pathogen under the 'fungi' class, in reality, it is only fatal to insects rather than humans. In the game however, the fungi becomes an epidemic which acts as both an infectious fungi and a plague. The cordyceps itself is considered mutated by a certain 'virus', somewhat like how a bacteriophage (a virus which breeds and kills bacteria from the inside) does. Like the description, a mutated cordyceps infection could have a horrendous effect on its host and rather, killing them from the inside, like bacteriophages.
    • In reality, it is quite impossible for humans to be fatally infected by the ophiocordyceps genuses, but may undergo behavioural change or 'disorder'. Since humans are easier to dissect (in terms of removing foreign substances or matter) than insects (also body size can also have different outcome for the infection), normal cordyceps would take weeks or months for it to be fatal.

VideosEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Machable.com
  2. Newspaper Clipping
  3. Medical Pamphlet

Start a Discussion Discussions about Cordyceps Brain Infection

  • Ophiocordyceps fungus.

    21 messages
    • I think cordyceps is mostly prominent in Asia.  One has to wonder, though....for you see, the source of the outbreak was said to come from cr...
    • 75.189.224.222 wrote:"Look at how humans received aids from apes, for example. Apes were eaten in Africa by humans when they were infected w...
  • The Vaccine Debate, and the ending. (spoilers)

    205 messages
    • CaPtiAn1590 wrote:Croouu wrote:CaPtiAn1590 wrote:Croouu wrote:CaPtiAn1590 wrote:Hmmm.. you know what if they could just take a blood sample...
    • 94.205.102.73 wrote:the whole idea about vaccine is wrong, you cannot make vaccine from fungi, the vaccine is used against viral or bacter...

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